previous next

IMMURIUM (Moosham) Austria.

A vicus in Lungau not far from present-day Mauterndorf, 110 km S-SE of Salzburg and 1100 m above sea level. It was in the Noricum province and part of the territorium of Teurnia (St. Peter in Holz). Mentioned in the Peutinger Table, it was a mansio on the road from Virunum (Zollfeld) to luvavum (Salzburg), established at the time the road was built in the early Imperial period. It was important economically for the mining and working of iron.

The settlement was not disturbed by the Marcomannic assaults in Marcus Aurelius' reign. In A.D. 201, when a new road was built from Teurnia to Immurium, the vicus became a crossroads statio. About 275 it was at least partially destroyed by the Alemanni. There is no evidence that the city was finally destroyed in late antiquity, but it seems instead to have been abandoned earlier by its inhabitants.

In 1950 a Mithraeum, probably dating from the early 3d c. A.D., was found. Excavations (1964-70) have uncovered the following: mansio I with two separate buildings and courtyard; a large house with bronze foundry; a bath building with apodyterium, caldarium, tepidarium, frigidarium; houses, some poorly preserved; a large house with wall paintings, with a sepulcher for multiple burials added; mansio II with inner courtyard. The finds are in the Museum Tamsweg.

Recently, remains of houses of the 1st and 2d c. A.D. have been excavated in Steindorf, 1.5 km N of Immurium.


M. Hell, “Das Mithräum von Moosham im Salzburger Lungau,” Mitteilungen der Gesellschaft für Salzburger Landeskunde 105 (1965) 91ffI; R. Fleischer, “Immurium-Moosham. Die Grabungen 1964 und 1965,” ÖJh 47 (1964-65) 105ffMPI; 48 (1966-67) 165ffMPI; 49 (1968-71) 177ffMPI; id., “Die Grabung in Steindorf 1971.” ÖJh 49 (1968-71) 23SffMPI.


hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: