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NORTH LEIGH Oxfordshire, England.

Roman villa 4.8 km SW of Woodstock and 1.2 km S of Akeman Street, excavated in 1813-16 and 1908-11. The visible buildings cover an area ca. 90 m square and form three sides of a courtyard, with a gatehouse in the middle of the fourth (SE) side. The earliest buildings occupied the NW side and consisted of a dwelling (ca. 24 x 18 m) with a separate bath house to the NE. This house was then joined to the baths and extended, first along the whole length of the NW side, and later by the building of wings along the other two sides of the courtyard. Other modifications were made, including the construction of two more sets of baths, and seven rooms were equipped with mosaic floors, but the succession has not been fully worked out; the pottery, however, suggests that the first house was occupied in the 2d c. and the coins extend to Arcadius.

These buildings have been preserved and are open to inspection, but they do not represent the full extent of the villa. Aerial photography has revealed large ranges of rooms on the SW side of the visible remains and part of a wall which presumably enclosed the whole complex, and a track can be seen leading to quarries 180 m to the SW; but none of these features has yet been checked by excavation.


H. Hakewill, An Account of the Roman Villa discovered at Northleigh (1826); VCH Oxfordshire I (1939) 316-18; D. N. Riley, JRS 34 (1944) 81.


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