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UXELLODUNUM (Saint-Denis-lès-Martel and Vayrac) Lot, France.

The isolated plateau of Le Puy d'Issolu has been occupied since prehistoric times. It is generally regarded as the site of Uxellodunum, the last Gallic fortress besieged and taken by Caesar in 51 B.C. (but see Capdenac, Lauze, Luzech). At the summit of the plateau at the locality of Las Temples, continuity of occupation is attested by the discovery of Gallic coins, of Gallo-Roman hardened tiles, of a Merovingian gold farthing, and of sarcophagi of the feudal period. On this site a pagan sanctuary must have been the precursor of a Christian shrine.


A. Viré, Les oppida du Quercy et le siège d'Uxellodunum (51 av. J.-C.) (1936) 20-21, 29-79; M. Lorblanchet, “Céramiques des Champs d'Urnes découvertes au Puy d'Issolud,” Ogam 17 (1965) 9-16; M. Labrousse, “Au dossier d'Uxellodunum,” in Mélanges Jérome Carcopino (1966) 563-86; cf. M. Labrousse in Gallia 15 (1957) 277-78; 17 (1959) 437; 20 (1962) 592-94 & figs. 54-56; 28 (1970) 431; 30 (1972) 502-3.


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