previous next

ETENNA (Sirt) Turkey.

Town in Pamphylia or Pisidia, 22 km N of Manavgat. Polybios (5.73.3) records that Etenna in 218 B.C. furnished 8000 troops to Garsyenis; he speaks of it as lying in the Pisidian mountain country above Side. It is not mentioned again before the Council of Ephesos in A.D. 341. There is, however, a handsome silver coinage of the 4th c. B.C., and the bronze coins extend from the 1st c. B.C. to the 3d c. A.D. The site at Sirt is determined by the preponderance of coins of Etenna found there, and confirmed by sherds of the Classical period—such sherds being very rare on the inland sites of this region. The previous location of Etenna at Gölcük, farther E beyond the river Melas, is thus disqualified.

The ruins occupy the slopes of a steep hill some 250 m high, N of the village. The ring wall, of irregular ashlar of good quality, is standing in part; the S slope, less steep than the others, is covered with overgrown remains of buildings for the most part unidentifiable. They include however a church, a rock-cut reservoir, and a roofed cistern; a spring of good water supplies the village below. On the N slope are numerous rock-cut tombs, said to number 52 in all. Two statues of women, about life-size, are lying on the hillside, and some half-dozen inscriptions of the Roman period have been seen. There is no theater, and no temple has been recognized.


G. Hirschfeld, MonatsbBerl (1875) 132; K. Lanckoronski, Die Städte Pamphyliens (1892) 185-86; H. Swoboda et al., Denkmäler aus Lykaonien, Pamphylien und Isaurien (1935) 51-53; G. E. Bean, Klio 52 (1970) 13-16.


hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: