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ALEXANDRIA AD ISSUM (Iskenderun) Turkey.

City of Cilicia Campestris on a narrow coastal plain at the SE corner of the gulf of Issus, controlling the N end of the road from Antioch as it emerged from the Syrian Gates. It was founded either by Alexander or, more probably, by Seleucus Nicator, and lasted through the Hellenistic and Roman periods. Insignificant remains have been noted, particularly a little inland of the modern city at the foot of a hill (fragments of mosaic, cisterns) beside a cemetery called Nosairis.


F. Beaufort, Karamania (1818) 286; R. Heberdey & A. Wilhelm, Reisen in Kilikien, DenkschrWien 44 (1896) 19M; R. Dussaud, Topographie Historique de la Syrie Antique et Médiévale (1927) 446f; H. Seyrig, “Cachets Publics des Villes de la Syrie,” MélStJ 23 (1940) 96; L. Jalabert & R. Moutarde, Inscriptions Grèques et Latines de la Syrie (1950) 394f.


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