(“Andusia”) Gard, France.
Pre-Roman and Roman settlement in a cross-valley of the
Gardon, at a point which commands one of the principal access routes to the Cévennes. It was one of the 24
towns of the Volcae Arecomici, a federation of which
Nîmes was the capital (Strab. 4.1.12
; Plin. 3.37
name is known with certainty from a votive inscription
XII, 3362) found in the 18th c. at Nîmes near the
sanctuary of the god Nemausus.
The exact site of the settlement is uncertain. The pre-Roman oppidum is perhaps best located on the hill of
Castelvieil St-Julien, near Anduze, where numerous artifacts have been found. The Roman town was perhaps
at Château-Bourbon, where several inscriptions have recently been discovered.
Carte archéologique de la Gaule romaine
, fasc. VIII, Gard (1941) 207, nos. 376-77; “Informations,” Gallia
20 (1962) 628; 22 (1964) 497-98.