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ANTIOCH later CHARAX Iraq-Iran.

A site on an artificial elevation at the point where the Tigris and Karun rivers unite. Allegedly founded by Alexander as an Alexandria, but the evidence is unreliable. When known as Charax, and Charax Spasinou, the site was restored by Antiochos IV, the Seleucid ruler, who gave it his name. However, the name Charax continued in use; it is used later as a destination for caravans traveling from Palmyra.


Plin. 6.138; J. B. Chabot, Choix d'inscriptions de Palmyre (1922) 24; Am. 7.7; 1. Hansman, “Charax and the Kharkheh,” Iranica Antiqua 7 (1967) 21-24M; E. Herzfeld, The Persian Empire. Studies in Geography and Ethnography of the Ancient Near East (1968) 9.


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  • Cross-references from this page (1):
    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 6.31
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