A city, near modern Yalvaç, described as being “towards Pisidia” (Strab.
12.) and “of Pisidia” (Acts
13:14; Ptol. 5.4.9), in Phrygia
Paroreios. Founded before 261 and refounded 25 B.C.
as Colonia Caesarea in Provincia Galatia, it became
metropolis of Byzantine Pisidia, fell to the Arabs in 712-713, and perished in the 13th c.
The site (46.5 ha) lies on seven hills. The forum (Augusta Platea) has a semicircular rock-cut rear wall
(traces of a stoa) and contains foundations of a temple,
perhaps of Jupiter. To the W of a stairway is the Tiberia
Platea, which yielded the Monumentum Antiochenum. A
small theater, a Christian church and basilica (4th c.
mosaics), and Decumanus Maximus leading from the
triple city gate of Severan times may also be seen. Part
of the city wall is preserved at the NW corner of the
site. More striking are the remains of an aqueduct to
the N and the ruins of the shrine of Mên on the hill
of Kara Kuyu to the SE.
Yalvaç museum contains monuments and coins; the
Kara Kuyu dedications are in the Classical Museum,
Konya, the Monumentum in Ankara, and other inscriptions and sculpture in Afyon and Istanbul (Archaeological Museum).
F.V.J. Arundell, Discoveries in Asia
, 2 vols. (1834)MPI
; M. M. Hardie, “The shrine of
Mên Askaenos,” JHS
32 (1912); W. M. Ramsay,
“Religious Antiquities of Asia Minor,” BSA
; “Dedications from the Sanctuary,” JRS
; D. M. Robinson, “Excavations,” AJA
2d ser. 18 (1924)I
; “Roman Sculptures,” AB
9, 1 (1926)MPI
; J. Inan & E. Rosenbaum, Roman . . . Portrait Sculpture
; B. Levick, Roman Colonies
Suppl. XI (1968).
The last two with bibliography. B. LEVICK