previous next


City in Caria near Azizabat, 20 km E of Nazilli, on the S bank of the Maeander. Founded according to Stephanos Byzantios by Antiochos II; but the rest of his notice is unreliable. Pliny (HN 5.108) says it replaced two cities called Symmaithos and Kranaos. Strabo (630) calls it a modest city, but possessed of extensive territory on both sides of the river; he notes that the region is liable to earthquakes. The city gained some importance from a bridge over the Maeander, now vanished, but has little or no individual history.

Remains are scanty. On the hill is a mediaeval fortress and castle incorporating some ancient blocks, and on the NW side is the hollow of the theater, but no masonry survives. Marble blocks and column drums are scattered over the ground, especially on a level space near the top on the N side. In the 19th c. there were many remains of buildings, arches, massive acropolis walls, and a stadium 0.8 km to the E, but little is to be seen today. There is even some disagreement about the exact site.


W. I. Hamilton, Researches in Asia Minor (1842) 529; A. Laumonier, Les Cultes Indigènes en Carie (1958) 471.


hide References (1 total)
  • Cross-references from this page (1):
    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 5.29
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: