previous next

ARRABONA (Györ) Hungary.

A castrum on the limes Pannoniae, strategically linked to Carnuntum and Brigetio, and to Sipianne and Sabaria. It is 105 km N-NW of Budapest. It was of major importance for the surveillance of the barbaricum beyond the Danube. Situated at the mouth of the Arabon river, it was thus part of Pannonia Superior (Ptol. 6.11.3). During the invasions the locality was known under the name of Aqua Nigra. The castrum was built on the Kaptalan hill and its slopes, while the canabae grew up in the area of the modern town near Calvario street. The circuit wall of the castrum was constructed of large blocks of sandstone.

The center is mentioned in the ancient literature (Ant. It. 246, 263, 269, Tab. Peut., and Not. Dig. 33, pp. 28ff). Facing the barbaricum dominated by the Quadi and the Suebi, the fortress was the seat of the numerous formations of cavalry that made up Legio I adiutrix: ala I Ulpia contrariorum, ala I Augusta Itureorum, ala I Arevacorum, and ala Pannoniorum. Other troops included equites promoti, cuneus equitum stablesianorum, and milites liburnarii Legio X et XV geminae (Not. Dig. occ.).

In the vicinity of the castrum and of the canabae (near modern Koronko) a pagus developed. A villa was built nearby in the vicinity of Féhervar. From an inscription it is known that in 137 the military forces honored the emperor Hadrian with a statue (CIL 3,4366). During the medieval period the center took the name of Jaurinum.

See also Limes Pannoniae.


CIL III, p. 546, 1045; E. Lovas, “I risultati degli studi archeologici su Arrabona e dintorni,” Boll. Assoc. Intern. Studi Mediterranei 2, 3 (1931) 1-12; D. Adamesteanu, EAA 1 (1958) 672.


hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: