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ARUTELA or Alutela(?) (Călimăneşti) Romania.

An important military station on the limes Alutanus, in the S zone of the Carpathian gorge of the Olt, halfway between Castra Traiana and Praetorium (Tab. Peut.). The name is probably derived from the name of the Alutus-Aluta river (Tomaschek).

Excavations have explored all the remains of the camp not covered by the railroad. The only side of the camp that is preserved (toward the E), 60 m long, was penetrated by a gate guarded by two square towers. The gates opening on the N and S sides of the camp had no towers. The W side was entirely destroyed by the waters of the Olt. Inside, the wall was supported by buttresses, which also served as supports for the wooden floor of the patrol path, under which were the stables. Within the camp were a praetorium, a basilica (?), dwellings, the via praetoria, the via principalis, and the via sagularis. Baths excavated near the camp are now covered by the railroad. The Roman road of Olt, paved with stone, passed 10 m from the porta praetoria to the E. Two inscriptions with identical texts inform us that the camp was constructed in 137-38 by the Sun sagittari on the order of T. Fl. Constans, proc. Aug. of Dacia inferior. The soldiers of the Coh. I Hisp. veterana were also stationed in this camp. Coins of Heliogabalus have been found, and among the most recent discoveries are a fragment of an inscription by Trajan and a glass vase with the name of a certain Menophantos. The finds have been deposited in the Central Military Museum of Bucarest.


CIL III, 12601, a-b = 13793-94; 12602-3.

D. Tudor, “Castra Daciae inferioris: Bivolari,” BCMI 35 (1942) 143-49; id., Oltenia romană (3d ed., 1968) 266-70, 324-26; id., Oraşe (1968) 371; id., “Le camp romain d'Arutela,” Hommages à M. Renard (1969) 579-85; id. et al., “Rezultatul primelor două companii de sătpături arheologice (1967-1968) de la Bivolari-Arutela,” SMIM 2-3 (1969-70) 8-45.


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