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BALETIUM (Valesio) Apulia, Italy.

Located by Pliny (HN 3.101) between Lupiae (Lecce) and Caelia (Ceglie Messapica), in the same place in which Balentium appears in the Peutinger Table. The name is found as Valetium in Mela (2.4). Silver coins of the Tarentine type dating from about 350 B.C. with the Messapian legend Balethas or Valethas are attributed to the city.

The ruins of the city are found in the section of Agro di Torchiarolo called Valesio 2 km N of S. Pietro Vernotico. The Provincial Museum at Brindisi preserves numerous Messapian inscriptions and funerary material from Baletium.


W. Smith, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, I (1856) 375 (E. H. Bunbury); RE VIII.1 (1955) 259-60; B. V. Head, Historia Numorum (1911) 51; M. Mayer, Apulien (1914) 78; K. Miller, Itineraria Romana (1916) 362; O. Parlangeli, Studi Messapici (1960) 124.


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    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 3.11
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