previous next

BEROSABA or Beersheba Israel.

A town in the N Negev, important in the early history of the Hebrews. Remains of a Chalcolithic culture of the 5th millennium B.C. have been discovered on the banks of a wadi of the same name near the modern town, while the biblical town is being excavated at Tell Sheva (Tell es-Seba'), 4.8 km to the N. To the Hellenistic and Roman periods belong fortresses built on top of the ancient mound as part of the limes Judaeae, and remains of the Byzantine period are scattered in the modern town.

Eusebios (Onom. 50.1) mentions Berosaba as a large village 20 miles from Hebron, where a garrison is stationed; the Notitia Dignitatum (73.22) also refers to it as a Roman military post. Berosaba figures in the 6th c. mosaic map at Madaba, in the Byzantine period it was part of Palestina tertia, and it is frequently mentioned in the Nessana papyri.


F. M. Abel, Geéographie de la Palestine II (1938) 263; M. Avi-Yonah, The Holy Land (1966) 120, 133; C. J. Kraemer, Excavations at Nessana III (1958) 119-28, 230.


hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: