(“Resculum”) Cluj, Romania.
Roman camp (2d-3d c.) on a plateau at the junction of the
Săcueul valley with Crişul Tepede river, the westernmost
point of Dacia. It is mentioned in a tabula cerata (CIL
III, p. 924, tab.cer. I= ILS, 7215).
Excavations have revealed that the earth camp was
replaced by a stone one (213 x 133 m), quadrilateral
with round corners. The gates protrude in a semicircle,
and the corner towers are trapezoidal in section. Both
Cohors II Hispanorum Scutata Cyrenaica equitata and
Cohors I Aelia Gaesatorum milliaria were stationed here.
Inscriptions, stamped bricks and tiles, coins, and Dacian
ceramics have been found.
M. Macrea, “Castrul roman de la
Bologa,” Anuarul Comisiunii Manumentelor Istorice.
Secţia pentru Transilvania
4 (1932-38) 195-233; N.
Gudea, “Ceramica dacică din castrul roman de la Bologa,
jud. Cluj,” Acta Musei Napocensis
6 (1969) 503-8.