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BOVIANUM (Boiano) Abruzzi e Mouse, Italy.

About 210 km E-SE of Rome, the earliest settlement of the Samnites and capital of the Pentri tribe. It became a Roman municipium ca. 87 B.C., but after A.D. 70 it was the colonia Bovianum Undecimanoruin with settler veterans from Legio XI.

A road winds up, past San Michele church on an ancient temple site, to Civita Superiore where one can see polygonal walls of the Samnite town. Possibly this is Pliny's Bovianum Vetus (HN 3.107). The view is to be rejected that Bovianum Vetus was 45 km to the N at Pietrabbondante, where spectacular remains exist of 2d c. B.C. temples and a theater. No Roman remains survive at the site; its antiquities are housed at Chieti.


E. T. Salmon, Samnium and the Samnites (1967) Index s.vv. “Boiano” and “Pietrabbondante,” and plates 2, 6, 7, 8, 9MPI.


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