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CABELIO (Cavaillon) Vaucluse, France.

On the Durance river, capital of the Gallic tribe of the S Cavares, this was a Marseillaise city (cf. Steph. Byz.), a Roman colony under Augustus, a Latin city in Narbonnaise Gaul (Plin. 3.5) on the Domitian road where it crosses the Durance (Peutinger Table and Vicarello goblets).

St. Jacques' hill, which dominates the city, is the ancient oppidum of the Cavares, with vestiges of a wall of large, hewn blocks and foundations of huts carved into the cliff. Many Gallic coins have been found on the ground: drachmas, obols, and small Massilian bronzes (90 percent of the finds), coins of the Volques Arecomiques (Nimes), Samnagenses, Sequanes, Aedui, Remi, and Allobroges. There are also sump wells and storage ditches from Iron Age II, Gallic and Gallo-Roman cremation burials with funerary furniture consisting of lamps, dishes, and glass vials, groups of Gallic stelai with inscriptions in Greek letters, epitaphs of Pompeïa Helena, of a triumvir, and of an Augustan sevir, and a dedication of the Cabellienses to Diadumenianus, the son of the emperor Macrinus (in the Cavaillon Museum).

From the Roman period there remains a triumphal arch with four facades; two of the four arches are preserved, resting on pilasters decorated with scrolls of acanthus leaves with birds and butterflies. The caisson vaults are decorated with squares, lozenges, and rosettes. On the pediment, two winged victories face each other, holding a laurel crown and a palm.


P. de Brun & A. Dumoulin, “La colline St Jacques de Cavaillon avant l'occupation romaine,” CahHistArch (1938)MI; Forma orbis romani VII (1939); A. Dumoulin, “Les puits et fosses de la colline St Jacques de Cavaillon,” Gallia 23, 1 (1965)MPI; id., Visite des monuments et Musées de la village de Cavaillon (1968)MPI.


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    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 3.5
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