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CALVISSON Gard, France.

The oppidum of La Liquière, near Calvisson, is on the first hills in from the sea between Nîmes and Sommières. It is one of the five cities in the prehistoric stratum surrounding the Vaunage plain. Excavations have revealed a group of houses cut in the rock and arranged around a central hearth. There were three phases of occupation: from ca. 625 to 610 B.C. the populace engaged in vigorous trade with the Etruscans, evidenced by finds of wine amphorae and delicate Etruscan ware. In the second phase, ca. 610-590 B.C., hearths of dry clay began to appear in the center of the houses; this phase saw the first importations from Greece brought by the Phokaians, for example, a goblet of gray Ionian bucchero and two fragments of Corinthian aryballoi. At the same time Etruscan imports remained plentiful. In the third phase, 590-540 B.C., the way of life hardly changed, but many articles made in Marseille appeared. The civilization of La Liquière is a survival developing from the late Languedoc Urnfield type.


M. Louis, “Le village anhistorique de La Liquière de Calvisson,” CahHistArch 12 (1937) 3-38; M. Py, “Les influences méditerranéennes Vaunage du 8° au 1° s. av. J. C.,” Bull. de l'École Antique de Nîmes 3 (1969) 35-86.


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