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CARREO POTENTIA (Chieri) Piedmont, Italy.

About 12 km SE of Turin and in antiquity a city of the Augustan Regio IX. Perhaps a Gracchan colony, it was built on a previous oppidum of which there is a reminder in the Roman-Celtic name (Carreo quod Potentia dicitur: Plin. 3.5.49). Its identification with Chieri is based on lost epigraphic evidence of M. Ebatius, who mentions (C)-arrei and Industriae. This is strengthened by sparse but significant discoveries. The aqueduct, which entered the city from Tetti Miglioretti, met the junction of the cardo (the Via Vittorio Emanuele) and the decumanus into which the principal cross streets ran: the road to Augusta Taurinorum with an orientation NW to SE and the road through Hasta to Forum Fulvii-Dertona (the Via Fulvia) in a NE direction. Remains of structures discovered inside the Cathedral may confirm the existence of a cult building which local tradition attributes to Minerva (the Capitolium?). Outside the building, the fortuitous discovery of a discharge tunnel, with an orientation E-W, seems to follow the straight alignment of houses and streets that run parallel to the cardo in the S sector. Sections of walls have been brought to light in Via Palazzo di Città in the course of a random excavation and may belong to the fortified circuit wall which, on this side, must have run in a straight line following the line of the modern streets.

Outside the settlement, which must have been elongated in the direction of the cardo, the necropolis spread out along the principal and secondary streets to the NE and SW. Still to the NE, 500 m from the Maddalena farm, along the old road to Cambiano, the discovery of a farmhouse with its attached equipment (a triple basin and fishpond for rain water) dating to the 2d c. of the Empire gives evidence of the population of the countryside around the urban center. Inscriptions are for the most part scattered. Some of the excavated material has been brought together in the Museum of Antiquities at Turin, and the most recent finds are housed in the small Museo Civico.


Plin. 3.5; CIL V, 848, 7493ff; Inscr. It. IX, 1.16.

G. Cipolla, Resti di costruzioni romane e oggetti vari, N.S. (1890) p. 327ff; F. Gabotto, I municipi romani dell'Italia occidentale (Biblioteca Soc. Storica Bibiliografica Subalpina, XIII; 1908) 180; E. Pais, Dalle Guerre puniche a Cesare Augusto (1918) 673; R. Ghivarello, “L'acquedotto romano di Chieri,” BSPABA (1932) 156ff; P. Barocelli, “Notiziario di archeologia piemontese,” BSPABA (1932) 221ff; A. Cavallari Murat, Antologia monumentale di Chieri (1968).


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    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 3.5
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