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CLUVIAE Abruzzi, Italy.

A city of the Carricini Samnites, now identified with a locality called Piano Laroma near Cásoli in the province of Chieti. The site has previously been noted erroneously under the name of Pagus Urbanus (CIL IX p. 277). That the city was founded by the Carricini is attested by Tacitus (Hist. 4.5, the Italian region Carecina and the municipality of Cluviae), and by two inscriptions. One is from the 2d c. A.D. at Isernia, and the other is a tabula patronatus from A.D. 384 at S. Salvo. The Cluvienses Carricini figure in both. We know that the place was fortified in the 4th c. B.C. (Livy 9.31.2-3). It was a municipium assigned to the tribus Arnensis after the social war (CIL IX, 2999= ILS 6526) as noted by the Liber Coloniarum (260 L s.v. Clibes). It must, in fact, be identified with the first of the two municipalities that in Pliny's list (HN 3.106) appear as Caretini Supernates et Infernates. The city was on an upland surrounded on three sides by the Aventino and its tributaries the Laio and the Avello. The perimeter of the walls that enclosed a very limited area (ca. 42,000 sq m) remains almost completely recognizable. There are also conspicuous remains of a theater and of other buildings.


A. La Regina in RendLinc 22 (1967) 87-99; id., EAA Suppl. (1970) 238-39.


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    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 9, 31
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