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GERGOVIA or Gergobia, Commune of La Roche-Blanche, Puy-de-Dôme, France.

Mountain ending in a plateau (altitude 730 m) dominating the valley of the Allier by ca. 350 m. When Gaul was independent, the plateau was used as a citadel by the agricultural population living on the level areas on the slopes and at the foot of the mountain. In 52 B.C. Caesar besieged the fortress but failed to take it. The Roman administration tried to establish an urban center on the plateau, but failed in less than a century and the inhabitants settled once again on lands more favorable to agriculture.

Excavations have been conducted on several occasions. Those in the 18th c. are poorly known, but in 1862 the ditches of Caesar's two camps were uncovered. Other excavations in 1861, in 1933-38, and in 1941-49, have analyzed the composition of the rampart and excavated a temple of Celtic type with two cellae, a small blast furnace, and private dwellings. The artifacts collected are shared by a small museum on the plateau and by the Musèe Bargoin at Clermont-Ferrand.


Stoffel, in Napolèon III, “Hist. de Jules César” (1865-66)M; O. Brogan & E. Desforges, “Gergovia,” AJA 97 (1941); Hatt & Labrousse, “Les Fouilles de Gergovie,” Gallia 1 (1943) 71-124; 5 (1947) 271-300; 6 (1948) 31-95; 8 (1950) 14-53; Balme & Fournier, Gergovie (1962); A. Noché, Gergovie, vieux problèmes et solutions nouvelles, Collection Roma aeterna, VI (1974).


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