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LIGUGÉ (La Vienne) France.

A Benedictine Abbey 7 km S of Poitiers. The oldest monastery in the Latin West, it was founded and presided over by Martin from 361 to 371. Archaeological discoveries have been made there since 1953 and work continues. The excavations have revealed a unique series of monuments in eight stages, dating from A.D. 100 to 1100. Many elements exist in elevation. Two sites, 40 m apart, are known: 1) a small three-room house with hypocaust and reused Gallo-Roman material; with a large exedra 32 m in diameter centered on the razed house; an ensemble replaced by a 5th c. funerary well (St. Martin's cell and votive exedra?). 2) A 2d c. villa rustica destroyed in 276. Within a horreum (30.4 x 5.4 m) stood St. Martin's church. At the E end of the horreum, an unexcavated monument shows a facade with rough-hewn bases for columns, perhaps a baptistery. In front of the church, a 4th c. cruciform martyrion (S arcade is 5 x 4 m).


Fr. Eygun, Gallia 12 (1954) 2.380-89; 21 (1963) 2.461-66; 25 (1967) 2.260-62; J. Coquet, Revue Mabillon (1954) 43-94; id., Bull. Soc. nat. des Antiquaires de France (1956) 98 (also see T. Sauvel and J. Hubert in same issue); id., Revue Mabillon (1955) 75-147; (1958) 245-48; id., Revue du Bas-Poitou (1958) 95-105; id., Revue Mabillon (1960) 109-14; (1961) 54-75; id., Bull. Soc. nat. des Antiquaires de France (1961) 184-86 (see also Jean Hubert and J. Doignon in same issue); (1964) 95-96; (1965) 39-40; (1966) 71-72; id., L'intérêt des fouilles de Ligugé (1968); id., Pour une nouvelle date de la crypte Saint-Paul de Jouarre, Abbaye de Ligugé (1970).


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