previous next

MARONEIA Thrace, Greece.

A prosperous Kikonian city on the coast, not far from the modern town of Maronia. It was traditionally founded by Maron, priest of Apollo at Ismaros and grandson of Dionysos. Together with the other Kikonian cities of Ismaros and Xantheia, it was already in existence in the 7th c. The principal cult was devoted to the triad of Zeus, Dionysos, and Maron. A fine local coinage began in the 6th c. and continued until the union of Thrace with Macedonia. The city was especially noted for its strong wine, like that which was given by Maron to Odysseus, who used it to intoxicate Polyphemos. Reinach reported many Byzantine and Venetian remains as well as architectural fragments of white marble. A small marble theater was destroyed early in the 20th c.


Hom. Od. 9.196; Hdt. 7.109; Plin. 4.43, 6.217, 14.6.54; Strab. 7, fr. 44 (45); 5. Reinach in BCH 5 (1881) 87f; 8 (1884) 50; C. Avezou & C. Picard in BCH 37 (1913) 141f; S. Casson, Macedonia, Thrace and Illyria (1926)MI.


hide References (2 total)
  • Cross-references from this page (2):
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.109
    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 4.11
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: