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MONTMAURIN Haute-Garonne, France.

From 1947 to 1960 a rich Gallo-Roman villa on the left bank of the Save has been excavated and restored. Its presence at the center of a vast agricultural domain probably goes back to the middle of the 1st c. A.D. In the time of Constantine it was transformed into a luxurious rural residence which combined the pursuit of comfort with the opulence of adornment with marbles and mosaics.

One km downstream on the same side of the Save, a sanctuary of the waters was built around the deified spring of La Hillère. It had cult sites, a caravansary, and a market. The sacred character of the place lasted into the Christian period and until the present.

The villa is open to the public, as is a small museum in the village of Montmaurin.


G. Fouet, La villa gallo-romaine de Montmaurin, Gallia suppl. XX (1969), rev, by O. Brogan in AJA 75.4 (1971) 457. For La Hillère: M. Labrousse in Gallia 13 (1955) 207 & fig. 8; 22 (1964) 440-42 & fig. 8; 24 (1966) 420-21P; 26 (1968) 526-28 & figs. 10-11; 28 (1970) 407.


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