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MUNZACH Baselland, Switzerland.

Villa estate 1.2 km NW of Liestal, in the territory of Augusta Raurica now called Muazach, the ancient name Monciacum is mentioned in a document of A.D. 825. It was built in the middle of the 1st c. A.D. and sacked by the Alamanni in 259-60, but part of it was inhabited into the 4th c.

The estate comprised a rectangular enclosure (over 300 x 150 m); the villa itself, built in several periods, had geometric and figured mosaics (partly destroyed) of the late 2d c. A separate bath building and a small sanctuary have been identified at a nearby spring, also several out-buildings (barns, workshops) built against the enclosure wall. There is a museum on the site, and the Kantonsmuseum Baselland is in Liestal.


T. Strübin & R. Laur-Belart, “Die römische Villa von Munzach bei Liestal,” Ur-Schweiz 17 (1953) 1-16PI; id., “Monciacum, der römische Gutshof und das mittelalterliche Dorf Munzach bei Liestal” Baselbieter Heimatblätter 21 (1956) 1-40PI; V. von Gonzenbach, Die römischen Mosaiken der Schweiz (1961) 142-49PI; Jb. Schweiz. Gesell. f. Urgeschichte 56 (1971) 220.


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