(“Calcaria”) Yorkshire, England.
A Roman town, first disclosed by air photography, ca. 3.2 km N of Tadcaster. Excavation has shown it to be of the simplest type, rectangular in plan with earthen rampart and outer ditch. The pottery of signal
station type is late 4th c.
The Antonine Itinerary
places Calcaria at a distance
from Eboracum (York) that would seem to place it at
Tadcaster, and the name Calcaria (limestone quarries)
would be suitable to this location since Tadcaster lies
close to a ridge of magnesian limestone that has been
worked for centuries. However, since finds of Roman
date here are limited to a few odd coins from the churchyard, identification of the site with
Newton Kyme now seems more appropriate. G. F. WILMOT