Pas de Calais, France.
In the Lens arrondissement, canton of Henin-Liétard.
Traces of paving found at La Borne des Loups on the
road known as le chemin vert
from Arras have been interpreted as remains of a Roman road from Arras to
Tournai mentioned in the ancient itineraries. Various
cremation burials have been discovered as well as many
glass objects (phials, vases). Two chance finds should be
mentioned for their rarity: a Christian lamp in the shape
of a navicella, with the chrism in the middle surrounded
by the busts of the twelve apostles; a collection of small
bronzes including a statuette of the Dea Roma, and especially two little statuettes of Isis and Osiris. These objects were destroyed when the Arras museum was burnt down in 1915.
In 1952 fresh discoveries were made at Les Monts de
Baye: carved flints, coins and, most important, some
early Roman tombs. The site extends as far as Dourges,
on the other side of the Paris-Lille highway. A room
with hypocaust has been excavated and, 100 m farther
W, a series of rectangular rooms. The state of the ground
rules out any more extensive exploration. Several wells
have been excavated: one appears to be a funerary shaft.
Much farther N is a group of potter's kilns, which were
molded out of the base of a clay-pit already in use at
the end of the Roman period and active from the 1st to
the 4th c. This period is confirmed by coins found on the
site. Recent finds are in the Douai museum.
L. Dancoisne, Recherches historiques
(1846); id., “Découvertes des tombeaux gallo-romains à Noyelles-Godault,” Bull. Com.
Ant. P. de C
. 3 (1869-74) 28; A. Terninck, “Nouvelles
découvertes à Noyelles-Godault,” ibid. 5 (1879-84) 344;
Cte de Loisne, “Lampe chrétienne de Noyelles-Godault,”
(1908) 86-89; id., “Figurines et verreries gallo-romaines découvertes à Noyelles-Godault,” Bull. Com.
Dep. Mon. Hist. du Pas de Calais
3 (1902-12) 300; G.
Deneck, Les origines de la civilisation dans le Nord de
(1943) 95 and pl.; J. Gricourt, “Le culte de
Saint Piat, la voirie antique et les origines chrétiennes
dans la région de Seclin,” Actes du Congrès des Sociétés Savantes du Nord
(1963) 47-97; id., “Un trésor d'antoniani à Noyelles-Godault,” REA