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RAVENI (“Phanote”) Greece.

A site mentioned by Livy (45.26.37) on the Kalamas river in Epeiros. A steep hill in the fork between the Kalamas and a tributary is defended by a circuit wall ca. 800 m long, containing gateways and towers. It controls the narrows between the lower and upper reaches of the Kalamas.


N.G.L. Hammond, Epirus (1967) 186f, 676, Plan 16 and Pl. XII a.


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  • Cross-references from this page (1):
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 45, 26.37
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