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SALODURUM (Solothurn) Solothurn, Switzerland.

Site on the left bank of the Aare at the foot of the Jura ridges (It. Ant. 353.2; Tab. Peut.; CIL XIII, 5170 = Howald-Meyer no. 245). The military road from Aventicum divides here, one branch continuing along the Aare to Vindonissa, the other crossing the Jura to Augusta Raurica. From its very location a relay station and river port, the vicus developed as a military post during the 1st to the 4th c. In the 4th c. a fortress was built, a link in the chain of defenses protecting the Rhone-Rhine waterway. The vicus developed to the W towards Bellach, while the early and late military installations were in the area of the mediaeval town. Remains of the harbor have been found near Marktplatz-Roter Turin. Temples to Jupiter and Apollo are attested by inscriptions.

The Late Roman fortress was bell-shaped, with its base (ca. 150 m) along the river (main axis ca. 120 m; area 1.32 ha). Parts of the walls and some towers are visible (Westringstrasse, Löwengasse, Hauptgasse). One bridge was located at the W corner of the fort, another possibly on the site of the modern Wengibrücke. Finds are in the Museum der Stadt Solothurn.

See also Limes, Rhine.


F. Staehelin, Die Schweiz in römischer Zeit (3d ed. 1948) 309-11, 621; W. Drack, “Die archëologischen Untersuchingen auf dem Friedhofplatz,” Jb. Solothurnische Gesch. 21 (1948) 1-57PI; E. Müller, “Solothurn (Grabung 1964-65),” ibid. 38 (1965) 279-84PI; summary: Jb. Schweiz. Gesell. f. Urgeschichte 38 (1947) 64-67PI; inscription: RGKomm 40 (1959) 141 no. 52.


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