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SILVIUM (Gravina di Puglia) Bar Apulia, Italy.

The ancient city lies in the Botromagno district of the present town. Strabo (6.283) mentioned it for its position on the inner side of Peucezia, and Pliny (HN 3.105) included it among the principal cities of the region. The first mention of it in the literary sources (Diod. 20.80) pertains to its conquest by the Romans, who seized it from the Samnites in 306 B.C. Known in the itineraries also as Silitum, or Silutum, it is doubtful that this Roman statio should be identified with the Greek Sidis or Sidion. The Museum at Gravina preserves rich grave gifts dating from the 7th to the 3d c. B.C.


K. Miller, Itineraria Romana (1916) 343; RE 3.1 (1927) 129-30; M. D. Mann in Atti II Convegno Studi Magna Grecia (1962) 87; G. B. Ward Perkins et al., “Excavations at Botromagno, Gravina di Puglia” BSR 37 (1969) 100ff.


hide References (2 total)
  • Cross-references from this page (2):
    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 3.11
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 20.80
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