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SISCIA (Sisak) Croatia, Yugoslavia.

First mentioned by Strabo (7.5.2), the Iron Age settlement Segestica, on an island at the mouth of the Kupa (Colapis) in the Sava river, preceded a later Celtic settlement Siscia at the mouth of the Odra in the Kupa river. Being at the confluence of three rivers, the place “was strongly protected by the river and with a large ditch encircling it” (App. Ill. 22; Dio Cass. 49.37.3-4). In 35 B.C. Octavian captured the town after a thirty-day blockade. The town was used as a base for a campaign against the Dacians. In the time of the great Illyrian rebellion in the winter of A.D. 6, Tiberius reached Siscia and kept it as the base for his army, which with a strength of ten legions and seventy auxiliary cohorts, stamped out the rebellion in A.D. 9. Siscia became the station of the river fleet against the Dacians, and Vespasian gave to the town the status of colonia Flavia Siscia. Because of the new influx of the colonists this status was confirmed by Septimius Severus (colonia Septimia). The town had the state mint and treasury in the 3d and 4th c. It was the capital of Pannonia Savia, and from the 3d c. it was a bishop's seat (St. Quirinus). In 530 Ioannes from Siscia attended a provincial synod at Salona. Since the modern town is built over the ancient one, it has not been possible to establish its exact size. Every excavation in the town encounters ancient walls and constructions and often inscriptions and other monuments are found in a secondary use in these walls. Bath buildings near the Kupa river have been discovered. The bed of this river has yielded many important finds of arms, metal ware, and small bronze statuary from the numerous workshops. Tiles stamped SISC(ia) are also known.

The rich archaeological material is in the Archaeological Museum at Zagreb and in the City Museum at Sisak.


J. Brunšmid, “Kameni spomenici Hrvatskog Narodnog muzeja,” Vjesnik Hrvatskog arheološkog društva, NS, 7-12 (1904-12); G. Veith, Die Feldzüge des C. Iulius Caesar Octavianus in Illyrien in den J. 35-33 v. Chr. (Schriften der Balkankommission, Antiq. Abt. 8; 1914), 51ff, map 7; V. Hoffiller & B. Saria, Antike Inschriften aus Jugoslawien (1938) 237-68.


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