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STOLAC (“Diluntum”) Bosnia-Hercegovina, Yugoslavia.

A Roman town on the Bregava river ca. 50 km SE of Mostar. It has been identified tentatively as Diluntum (Tab. Peut.).

Before the arrival of the Romans, the principal settlement in the area was based at Ošanići, a hilltop site across the river from Stolac. This was the stronghold of the Illyrian Daorsii, mentioned frequently from this region in ancient sources (App. Ill. 2; Plin. HN 3.143; Polyb. 32.18; Ptol. Geog. 2.16; Strab. 7.5.5). Archaeological evidence indicates that the Daorsii had close commercial contacts with the Greeks on the Adriatic via the Neretva river. In the 1st c. A.D., with Roman control and pacification of the area, a large settlement of Roman immigrants and native Illyrians grew up on the site of modern Stolac. The settlement attained municipium status and became the most prosperous city on the territory of Narona outside of the Neretva valley. Its native inhabitants were granted citizenship under the Flavians, and two inscriptions attest to the existence of a statio of beneficiarii consules (both from Legio XIIII Gemina). The high point of prosperity for the community (3d-4th c.) was apparently based on agriculture and on the trade resulting from the town's position on the main road between Salona and Doclea.

Ošanići is a typical Illyrian site and includes one of the best-preserved examples of megalithic wall construction in Dalmatia. The site is a combination of fortified acropolis and a settlement containing various public and private buildings. The acropolis commands a dominating view of the Bregava valley and employs both natural and man-made defenses for its protection. The S side of the acropolis is fortified with a cyclopean wall with towers at either extremity, all dating to the end of the 4th c. B.C. Within the acropolis the principal remains are those of cistern and a large building, circular in plan, perhaps the residence of the ruler and his family. The site was inhabited to the Roman period; with peace established and the need for fortification gone, the settlement moved down to the Bregava valley. The Roman remains around Stolac consist mainly of upper-class dwellings and farm buildings. The buildings are small and generally not complicated in plan although the quality of construction is good. Some of the houses included bath blocks, and many had mosaic floors. The mosaic patterns are traditional, with mythical and allegorical figures on a field of elaborate geometric designs. The stamped tiles associated with the remains are Italian imports, dating to the 1st c. A.D., whereas most of the coins are assigned to the 3d and 4th c. The finds from excavations on both sites, including some of the preserved mosaics, are displayed in the Zemaljski Muzej in Sarajevo.


K. Hörmann & V. Radimsky, “Ošanić kod Stoca,” Glasnik Zemaljskog Muzeja u Bosni i Hercegovini 4 (1892) 40-49; D. Basler, “Gradina na Ošanićima kod Stoca,” Naše Starine 3 (1955) 79-94MPI; E. Pašalić, Antička naselja i komunikacije u Bosni i Hercegovini (1960); J. J. Wilkes, Dalmatia (1969)MP; I. Bojanovski, “Mogorjelo: Rimsko Turres,” Glasnik Zemaljskog Muzeja u Sarajevo, NS 24 (1969); Z. Marić, “Gradina à Ošanići, Stolac,” Epoque préhistorique et protohistorique en Yougoslavie—Recherches et résultats (1971) 58-60; id., “Gradina na Ošanićima kod Stoca: centar ilirskog plemena Daorsa,” Bosna i Hercegovina iseljenićki almanah (1972) 226-30.


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