Agrinion and Amphilochia in Akarnania, on the right
bank of the Acheloos.
The name and the history of Stratos are noted in the
sources (Strab. 10.450
; Ptol. 5.13.10; 96.3). During the
Peloponnesian War the city was allied with Athens. In
314 Kassander completed the synoecism between Stratos,
Saurias, and Agrinion; and in 270, after the death of
Pyrrhos, it was assigned to Aitolia. Antiochos, and later
Nikander, found refuge at Stratos. In 167 it was included
in the Roman province.
The ruins of Stratos, with an extensive city wall that
encloses the modern village of Surovigli, extend over
three hills. The walls, because of their numerous spurs
and many towers, should antedate 429 B.C. although the
building technique is pseudo-isodomic trapezoidal, more
typical of the 4th c. Actually, since the W sector encloses
the Temple of Zeus, it is probable that the dating of the
entire wall should be lowered to 314 B.C. A median wall,
a diateichisma running N-S, cuts the enclosed area approximately in half. It was intended for the concentration
of the defense in case of attack. The large gate in the
wall opens to the S, and is defended by powerful buttresses. To the N of the surrounding wall is the acropolis, protected by its own encircling wall which is linked to the defensive system.
The theater, of the 4th c. B.C., is on a hill E of the
village of Surovigli. The city probably also had a gymnasium, since an inscription of the 2d c. B.C. (IG2
1.24.408) records the appointment of a gymnasiarchos.
Also datable to the 4th c. B.C. is the agora, SW of the
modern village. The entire W side of the structure, with
its portico, was built on a row of subterranean rooms, a
The Temple of Zeus, a peripteros 16.5 x 32.4 m on
the W hill, may be dated to the 4th c., as is suggested
by its connection with the city wall. It has a miscellany
of orders: Doric in the peristasis, Ionic in the architrave,
and Corinthian in the interior.
A. K. Orlandos, Deltion
8 (1923); C.
Picard & F. Courby, Recherches archéologiques à Stratos
(1924); P. E. Arias, Il teatro greco fuori di
(1934); R. L. Scranton, Greek Walls
W. B. Dinsmoor, The Architecture of Ancient Greece
(1950); R. Martin, Recherches sur l'agorà grecque
(1951); id., L'Urbanisme dans la Grèce antique
A. Neppi Modona, Gli edifici teatrali greci e romani
(1961); G. Roux, L'architecture de l'Argolide aux IVe
et IIIe siècle, avant J.C.