Ionia near Kazikli, 26 km SE of Miletos. The town appears first on the 6th c. statue base of a certain Chares, described as ruler of Teichiusa. In the Delian Confederacy it is listed as a dependency of Miletos, and is called by
Archestratos a village of Miletos near to the Carians.
) and Athenaeus (351 A) also refer to
it as a Milesian possession, and the Spartans used it as
a base for an attack on Iasos (Thuc. 8.28
). Later it
appears as a deme of Miletos.
The site is the only pre-Roman one between Didyma
and Iasos. It occupies a low hill barely over 40 m high,
surrounded by a massive wall of irregular trapezoidal
masonry 2.6 m thick, of which hardly more than a single
course remains above ground; from its style this wall can
scarcely be later than the 5th c. There are five towers
more or less equally spaced, but nothing remains in
the interior apart from a tower of poor masonry standing 1 m high on a hillock. The surface sherds are characterless.
There are numerous ancient village sites in the neighborhood, and tombs are common. Some of these consist
of a grave chamber sunk in the rock and covered with
large flat slabs of stone; most of the others, and all the
epitaphs yet discovered, are of Roman date.
P. LeBas & W. H. Waddington, Voyage
archéologique en Grèce et en Asie Mineure
(1888) 238, 242; BMCatalogue of Sculpture
I, 1 (1928)
B 278; L. Robert, “Une Epigramme de Cane,” RevPhil
31 (1957); id., “Note Additionelle,” ibid. 32 (1958);
G. E. Bean & J. M. Cook, BSA
52 (1957) 106-11.
G. E. BEAN