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TINTIGNAC Corrèze, France.

Called Quintinhac in the 13th c., Tintignac is in the commune of Naves. Excavations in the 1840s and especially in 1884 have produced a fairly clear but still incomplete picture of the site and its complex of important buildings: the theater, temple, and the so-called shops (which appear to have been burned). Coins found on the site cover the period from Augustus to Constantine; it is possible, however, that it was occupied before the Roman conquest.

The theater faced SE and stood on a slope (67.5 m along its axis, 85 m wide). Higher up and on the same axis is another building the inner wall of which impinges on the cavea of the theater. At each end of this wall is a nearly square pavilion. The outer wall, consisting of a gallery with 10 semicircular and two rectangular niches, all richly decorated, runs in a semicircle around a courtyard paved with marble. In the center of the outer wall is another square pavilion. Although this monument has been taken to be a temple, where each of the niches formerly held the statue of a divinity, such a plan is extremely unusual, the only other example known being the temple overlooking the theater at Vienne.

A building 74 m long has been uncovered a few m NE of the temple and on the same level: a large rectangular hall with an opening, in the middle of the wall opposite the entrance, into a square pavilion with semicircular apses on each side. The hall is flanked by two rectangular pavilions. These are probably the three main temples of a sanctuary similar to those at La Roche, near Poitiers, and Le Vieil-Evreux.

The so-called shops, some 30 m to the NW, are housed in a rectangular building with two courtyards. The inner one contains two small square aediculae, the outer one is surrounded by a gallery

These buildings, similarly oriented, are part of a complex that may be compared to such centers as Sanxay and Chassenon.


P. Lalande, “Ruines de Tintignac, Corrèze,” Bull. Soc. Scient. Hist. et Archéo. de la Corrèze 7 (1885) 632-713; V. Forot, Les ruines gallo-romaines de Tintignac (1905); Grenier, Manuel IV, 2 (1960) 582-86.


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