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VERULAE (Veroli) Latium, Italy.

A city in the foothills S of the Ernici Mountains in the chain of ancient centers that dominated the valleys of the Sacco and the Liri rivers, an important military and commercial access route since the pre-Roman age. When in 307-306 B.C. the Hernici declared war on Rome (Livy 9.42.11), Veroli, like Alatri and Ferentino, did not participate in the revolt. To that time dates the construction of the walls in polygonal work of the second type. A long stretch is preserved near the N side of the upper city. The wall, in which opens a beautiful architraved postern was modified at various times in the Roman period (in Lib. Colon. 239L: Verulae oppidum muro ductum). Among the finds are fragments of the Fasti (called Verulani) which refer to the months January to March. No particularly representative monument has been noted in the interior of the city. The walled center was placed on the slopes of a hill for strategic reasons and several terrace walls in polygonal work are preserved on which urban buildings must have been erected. They are found under the municipal building, in Vicolo Paolini, and in other locations. A passage more than .30 m long has been discovered under the Cathedral and the Piazza Duomo. It has a vaulted covering and walls in coarse opus incertum, and was perhaps a cistern.


C. Scaccia Scarafoni in NSc (1923) 194ff; id., Una inedita costruzione a volta . . . in Veroli (1961); G. Radke, “Verulae,” RE VIIIA,2 (1935) 1688ff; G. Lugli, “Un'antica costruzione sotto la Piazza del Duomo a Veroli,” Studi Romani 10 (1962) 1, p. 50ff.


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    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 9, 42
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