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VICUS MARACITANUS (Ksar Toual Zammel) Tunisia.

Ruins 22 km N of Maktar and 1 km from the well-known monument Kbor-Klit. The modest country town is unquestionably pre-Roman in origin. The chief monument, the Capitolium, which is in the form of a temple with a pronaos that was probably hexastyle, stood on the square of a forum opposite a larger building of unknown purpose. A section of a street, some cisterns, and what may have been a Christian chapel have been excavated. In one of the two necropoleis is a well-preserved two-story mausoleum with a pilastered facade, which gave the place its modern name of Ksar (castle or fort).

A stele inscription gives the Roman name, proving that the site is not identical, as has been suggested, with Zama Regia, the site of the decisive battle of 202 B.C.


N. Davis, Ruined cities within Numid. and Carth. territories (1862) 52; J. Poinssot, “Inscr. inédites,” Bull. Ant. afr. 2 (1884) 370 pl. 28; R. Cagnat & A. Merlin, Atlas arch. de la Tunisie, f. 32 Maktar; CIL VIII, p. 1236; A. Merlin, Inscr. lat. de la Tunisie 98; Ch. Saumagne, “Zama Regia” CRAI (1941) 445-53; id., “Zama Regia” Rev. Tun. (1941) 235-69; L. Déroche, “Les foulilles de Ksar Toual Zammel et la question de Zama,” MélRome 60 (1948) 55-104.


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