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VIEILLE-TOULOUSE Haute-Garonne, France.

In the 1st c. B.C. about 10 km S of Toulouse on the plateau of “La Planho,” which dominates the right bank of the Garonne, a settlement that was neither an oppidum nor the ancestor of Toulouse. Until the time of Augustus, however, it was remarkable for commercial activity linked to the Italian wine traffic, and for handicrafts producing small bronze objects and inlaid work. Italian merchants, their slaves, and their freedmen mingled with the natives. The houses, built of wood and clay, were of a prehistoric type, and a sanctuary discovered in 1970 is of very primitive character. The numerous funerary pits, often containing rich grave goods, are in the Gallic tradition, but most of the coins, weapons, lamps, and luxury pottery come from Italy and testify to the beginning of a truly Gallo-Roman civilization.


L. Joulin, “Les stations antiques des côteaux de Pech-David,” Mém. de l'Acad. des Sciences de Toulouse 10e sér. 2 (1902) 377-94; G. Fouet, “Fouille d'un puits funéraire à Vieille-Toulouse,” Gallia 16 (1958) 115-57; M. Labrousse, “Informations,” Gallia 15 (1957) 256-58I; 17 (1959) 433-35I; 20 (1962) 573-78I; 22 (1964) 449-51I; 24 (1966) 429-30I; 26 (1968) 537-38I; 28 (1970) 413-15I; id., Toulouse antique . . . (1968) 92-105 & passim (bibl. 92, n. 63).


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