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Situated in the township of Akhisar, which is attached to the city of Manisa. The name suggests an ancient Lydian settlement. The city, located in the middle of the fertile Lykos valley and at the crossroads of important trade routes, was under the domination of Pergamon between the early 3d and the 2d c. B.C. It was an autonomous city, and on its coins Apollo and Artemis were represented. Apollo and Helios were especially honored. Its zenith coincided with Caracalla's visit to the city (A.D. 215). Soundings on the acropolis brought to light a part of an apsidal structure and various architectural elements (i.e. capitals, columns, column bases) from the Roman period. Little else remains except inscriptions, 21 of which, recently found, are in the Manisa Museum.


J. Keil, Premerstein II. Bericht über Eine Zweite Reise in Lydien (1911) 11ff; id., RE VI A1 658, Thyateira (1936); D. Magie, Roman Rule in Asia Minor (1950); Duyuran, TürkArkDerg 17.2 (1968) 73-76.


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