Turkey (Hatay province).
A site at
the mouth of the Orontes, thought by some scholars to
be the ancient Posideion. There are slight signs of
Bronze Age occupation, with Mycenaean pottery, at a
nearby hill site, Sabouni. The main period of occupation
begins in the later 9th c. B.C., continuing with a break at
about 700. In this period the finds indicate the existence
of a trading post manned by Greeks (Euboians), Cypriots, and natives. In the 7th c. Greek interest is dominant,
with plentiful East Greek and Corinthian pottery finds.
The period of Babylonian supremacy in the 6th c. saw a
recession, followed by reoccupation by Greeks until the
later 4th c. and the eclipse of the site's prosperity by the
foundation of Seleucia. The architecture of the last period
best illustrates the town's commercial role in the prevalence of courtyard buildings, like warehouses, some with
rows of shops along the street fronts. There was no evidence for public buildings or religious structures, but it
has been suggested that the center of the site had been
washed away. Some intramural burials in stone sarcophagi were found. The finds were distributed between
Antakya Museum, the British Museum, and other
museums in Britain.
L. Woolley, “Excavations at Al Mina,
Sueidia, I, II,” JHS
; id., A Forgotten Kingdom
(1963) ch. X; J. Boardman, The Greeks Overseas