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BUMBEŞTI Gorj, Romania.

An important Roman rural settlement at the S opening of the Carpathian Jiu gorge, where the Drobeta and Răcari roads joined. The civil settlement developed E of the camp and has not yet been explored. It was apparently part of the territory of the town of Drobeta. The earthen camp at Vîrtop, 1 km from the stone camp of Bumbeşti is earlier, from the period of Trajan's Dacian Wars. It covers an area of 115 by 126 m and is believed to have been built by Cohors IV Cypria (to judge from stamped bricks). The camp replaced an earthen camp, built in the 2d c. A.D. by a few detachments of Legio V Macedonica and Cohors IV Cypria. Its deteriorating earthen vallum, was provided with a stone wall in 201, built by order of the governor of Dacia, Octavius Iulianus. This time the work was performed by Cohors I Aurelia Brittonum milliaria Antoniniana. The waters of the Jiu have left only one side of the camp, 167 m in length, two gates, and a part of the praetorium (finished under Caracalla by order of the governor C. Iul. Sept. Castinus). Excavations have identified a military bath installation 50 m to the S. The archaeological finds include numerous tools of craftsmen and farmers, fragments of a bronze imperial statue (Septimius Severus?), and votive monuments dedicated to Mithra and Venus. The last coin found in the camp was minted by Philip the Arab (244-249).

The objects discovered are in the Tg. Jiu Museum.


CIL III 14485 = ILS, 9179; 14216, 27; AnÉpigr (1959) 326, 327; D. Tudor, “Castra Daciae inferioris: Bumbeşti,” BCMI 33 (1940) 18-33; id., Oltenia romană (3d ed., 1968) 270-72, 326; id., Oraşe (1968) 362-63; TIR, L.34 (1968) 43; G. Florescu et al., “Săpăturile arheologice de la Bumbeşti,” MCA 4 (1957) 103-18.


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