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The valley of the Loing, in antiquity the principal waterway linking the Loire and Seine basins, is extremely rich in archaeological sites. The Loing is navigable at least as far as Montargis, and consequently the most important sites are to be found along its valley (see Pontchevron and Montbouy). But cross-routes along the tributaries of the Loing were also used; one of the busiest of these followed the valley of the Ouanne which leads to the valley of the Loing, a little upstream of Montargis, by way of Auxerre. Montargis itself was occupied in the Gallo-Roman period, as excavations attest, and the name Conflans sur Loing at the confluence of the rivers indicates that there was another ancient site there. Going up the Ouanne, we come to Châteaurenard, where a small bath building has been found two km W of the center of the modern village, known in the area as La Bouzie. The complex consists of two main buildings; in one a frigidarium has been identified on one side, and some caldaria on the other. The second building is ca. 5-6 m E of the first; here a pool and a room have been excavated. The latest period of occupation was the 4th c. A number of rebuildings indicate that the baths were used over a long period, indeed their construction may be dated in the 2d c. We cannot yet tell whether these are private baths belonging to a villa, or public baths belonging to a vicus or conciliabulum (see Triguères and Vendoeuvre en Brenne). Some tombs have also been found.


Gallia 24, 2 (1966) 241; Abbé Nouel, Origines Gallo-romaines du Sud du Bassin Parisien, 24, 31, 33; Mémoir inédit de M. Roncin (La vallée du Loing dans l'Antiquité). Paper on the same subject by Dr. Vauthey, Congrès des Sociétés Savantes de Reins, April 1970.


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