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CHIPIONA Cádiz, Spain.

Town NW of Cádiz, near the mouth of the Guadalguivir. The Coepionis monumentum corresponds to the Kaipionis Pyrgos of Poseidonius, according to Strabo (3.140) and, better still, to the Salmedina rock on which the monument or pharos must have stood. Appian (Hisp. 70) states that the pharos was built by Q. Servilius Caepio, hence its name. P. Mela (3.4) also mentions it. The town appears to have belonged to the Turduli and most of its ruins are probably under the sea. Coins, jewels, and terra sigillata vases have been found, and rock-cut pits as well as graves and their grave goods near the beach.


A. Schulten, Fontes Hispaniae Antiquae IV, 123; vi, 48, 49, 150; E. Romero de Torres, Catálogo Monumental de España. Provincia de Cádiz (1934) 194, 259, 462, 484.


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