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KARBINA (Carovigno) Apulia, Italy.

An ancient Messapian center ca. 25 km N-NW of Brindisi. It was destroyed in 473 B.C. by the Tarentines (Diod. 11.52.5; Ath. 12.552 d). Karbina probably corresponds to the city of Carbinium which the Cosmographia Anonymi Ravennatis cites near Brindisi; and it may certainly be identified with modern Caroviguo, where remains of the ancient walls are preserved. From the necropolis came funerary material and inscriptions in the Messapian language, which are now in the museums at Lecce and Brindisi.


BIBLIOGRAPHY

W. Smith, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, I (1856) 515 (E. H. Bunbury); K. Miller, Itineraria Romana (1916) 220; RE X.2 (1919) 1930; O. Parlangeli, Studi Messapici (1960) 61.

F. G. LO PORTO

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