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LA CANOURGUE or Cadoule, Lozère, France.

A Gallo-Roman site known as Ron de Gleïso in the commune of La Canourge, in the NW section of the Sauveterre plateau on the top of a hill 850 m high. One km from the site is an ancient road linking Banassac-La Canourgue to Chanac and Grèzes.

The site consists of dwellings scattered on the summit and the W and S slopes of the hill. The dwellings are rectangular and divided into two sections along the long axis of the settlement. One section is for artisans, the other, which is subdivided, is simply residential. The walls here are of a regular masonry, mortared rubble faced with small blocks. Traces of an earlier occupation have been noted below these remains and elsewhere. The site was inhabited at the beginning of the 1st c. B.C. and finally abandoned at the end of the 4th c. A.D. There is a distinct hiatus in the 3d c.

A number of fibulae of the Late Iron Age, a bowl fragment with a repeated inscription, CATTIOS, bowls with a white slip and geometric decoration, and coins of the Arveni provide evidence of the first occupation. Among the finds of the Roman period are a lifesize sculpture of the head of a woman, many bowls of terra sigillata from Banassac, various bronze and bone objects, and coins. All these objects are in the archaeological depot at La Canourgue.


“Chantier de Cadoule,” in H. Vigarié, Fouilles du groupe d'archéologie antique du Touring Club de France; “Banassac-La Canourgue, Août 1961,” Revue du Gévaudan (1961) 30; ibid. (1963) 80, 167, 190 (Roman villa); P. Peyre, Les habitats de “Ron de Gleïso,” commune de La Canourgue, Lozère (mimeo 1966); id., “Ensemble Gallo-romain de Ron de Gleïso, Cadoule,” Revue du Gévaudan (1968) 99-135;Gallia 27, 2 (1969) 413-14.


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