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PEDNELISSOS or Petnelissos, Turkey.

City in Pisidia, probably at a site in the hills above Kozan, 30 km N of Perge. It was listed by Artemidoros among the cities of Pisidia (Strab. 570), and is recorded also by Ptolemy. In or soon after 220 B.C. it was besieged by the Selgians; the siege was raised with some difficulty by Achaios and his lieutenant Garsyeris (Polyb. 5.72). The coinage is of the 2d and 3d c. A.D. Of the city's origin nothing is known.

The site near Kozan is not definitely identified; none of more than 20 inscriptions found there gives the city's name. But the situation is appropriate, and no rival site is known in the region. The ruins are considerable and cover a wide area. The city wall is preserved on the N and E, and especially to the S, where the acropolis is defended by a double line. In the lower town is a stretch of wall with two gate-towers, one preserved to a considerable height, and a similar stretch, also with a gate, higher up to the N. In the middle of the city is the agora, with rooms on two sides and a basilica adjoining; another building with columns is of uncertain purpose. Low down on the W are the scanty ruins of a temple some 16 by 10 m. The necropoleis lay outside the gates on N and S; sarcophagi are most frequent, but there are two heroa, one at the NW corner, one near the S gate. These appear to be of Hellenistic date, the rest is Roman. Also near the S gate is a Byzantine church, and another by the road from the valley. Water was supplied in cisterns, two of which are still used by the peasants.


BIBLIOGRAPHY

O. Moretti, Annuario 3 (1916-20) 79-133MI.

G. E. BEAN

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