or EPITHEROS (Aquiq or
A port on the W coast of
the Red Sea, S of Berenice. It was founded by the
Ptolemies (Strab. 17.768-71
) in the Land of the Troglodytes as a hunting preserve, especially for elephants.
Ptolemy II appears to have been the first to train African
elephants for war. At the battle of Raphia (217 B.C.),
Ptolemy IV had 73 African elephants against the 102
Indian elephants of the victorious Antiochos the Great.
Ptolemais Theron served also as a sea port to Meroe.
M. A. Kammerer, La Mer Rouge,
L'Abyssinie et L'Arabie depuis L'Antiquité (1929).