previous next

SÖĞLE (“Podalia”) Lycia, Turkey.

Almost certainly at Söğle, 13 km SE of Elmali. First mentioned by Pliny (HN 5.101), then by Ptolemy, who places it in Milyas, and Hierokles. A bishop of Podalia is recorded in the Byzantine lists. In the 2d c. A.D. the city was among those which received benefits from Opramoas of Rhodiapolis (TAM II 905), and was one of those which honored Jason of Kyaneai (IGRR III 704). The very rare coins of Podalia are of the time of Gordian III.

The site is not determined with absolute certainty. Early locations at Eskihisar and at Armutlu are unsupported by evidence and are to be rejected. A more satisfactory suggestion was a site on a hill at the NW corner of the lake Avlan Gölü, 16 km S of Elmali; this is surrounded by a ring wall of ashlar masonry well preserved on the W side, enclosing a small tower and quantities of uncut building stones. There are also two small rock-cut tombs. Pottery on the hill is Hellenistic and later; on the plain below some Early Bronze pieces have been found. These remains are not in themselves suggestive of a city site so much as a military fortress; but the place was known locally as “Podalia,” with a variant “Podamia.”

The site at Söğle is of quite different character. At the edge of the village is a hill, lower on the N side than on the S, strewn with abundant sherds ranging in date from the Early Bronze Age to Byzantine times. In the village are numerous evidences of urban occupation—altars, ex-votos, and many other carved blocks, and inscriptions of Roman and Byzantine date. Here is undoubtedly a city site, which can hardly be other than Podalia. In this part of Lycia only two cities are known, Podalia and Choma, and Choma is now located with certainty at Hacimusalar to the SW of Elmali. The plain of Elmali falls into two distinct parts, to the S and to the NE, both good fertile land; in the former is Choma, with Comba a little farther to the SW; if Podalia be placed at Avlan Gölü there are three cities in this region, while the NE plain remains blank. It seems that for Avlan Gölü the alternative name Podamia (Potamia) should be accepted; this is eminently suitable for a site close beside the spot where the river Akçay, the ancient Aedesa, runs into the lake.


BIBLIOGRAPHY

E. Petersen & F. von Luschan, Reisen in Lykien (1889) II 161-62; G. E. Bean in AnzWien 8 (1968) 157-63; id., Journeys in Northern Lycia 1965-1967 (DenkschrWien No. 104, 1971) 28-32.

G. E. BEAN

hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: