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TROINA (“Tyrracium”) Enna, Sicily.

The site occupied the summit and S side of a hill. To it have been attributed the names of the ancient towns of Imachara, Engyon, Tragis, Herbita, but these identifications seem excluded both by topographical position and archaeological evidence. At present the earliest finds are in fact datable to the early 4th c. B.C. Local products are too few to suggest a Sikel settlement. At the site have been found: stretches of the walls in pseudo-isodomic masonry (3d c. B.C.); a building outside the walls (3d c. B.C.) with trapezoidal plan and eight units; a split-level (terraced) building of the Roman period.

The site could be the Tyrracium mentioned by Cicero (Verr. 3.29). The necropolis, on Mt. Muanà, has yielded goods datable to the 4th-2d c. B.C.


E. Militello, “Scavi effettuati dall'Istituto di Archeologia dell'Università di Catania negli anni 1958-1960,” NSc (1961) 322-404.


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