(Venafro) Molise, Italy.
center of the Pentri Samnites in the valley of the Volturno ca. 19 km SW of Isernia. The Roman city was listed among the prefectures by Festus (262 L.), and later became an Augustan colony. It was noted for the
products made by its artisans and for the fertility of its
soil, particularly for the cultivation of olives, which is
still a major activity of the area. On the slopes of Mt.
S. Croce the city (ca. 595 x 462 m, with an area of
274,000 sq m) was subdivided into blocks (70 x 75 m)
delimited by parallel roads. The network of roads largely
survived as mediaeval and modern streets. The theater
is toward the upper extremity of the city, built against
the slope of the mountain; and the amphitheater is in
the lower part of the city. Several stretches of the city
walls in opus incertum (to which the inscription CIL
4876, must refer) remain above the inhabited center.
The outline of an aqueduct from the Volturno has
been noted, along with the Augustan edict relative to it.
Among numerous constructions in the environs the most
important are monumental terraces in polygonal work
in the vicinity of the Madonna della Libera.
x, pp. 477ff; S. Aurigemma in BdA
(1922-23) 58-76; G. Radke in RE
VIII A (1955) coll.
668-70; A. Pantoni in RendPontAcc
33 (1960-61) 153-71; A. La Regina in Quaderni Ist. Topogr. Ant. Univ. Roma
, I (1964) 55-67; id.; EAA
Suppl. (1970) 894-95.
A. LA REGINA