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1102. , , τό often approaches to its later use as the definite article or is actually so used: τὸν μέν . . . τὸν δ᾽ ἕτερον E 145 (cp. 1107). a. The substantive often stands in apposition, and is added, as an afterthought, to the demonstrative (especially δέ) which is still an independent pronoun: ““αὐτὰρ τοῖσι γέρων ὁδὸν ἡγεμόνευενbut he, the old man, was leading the way for themω 225. In some cases the appositive is needed to complete the sense: ““ἐπεὶ τό γε καλὸν ἀκουέμεν ἐστὶν ἀοιδοῦsince this—to listen to a minstrel—is a good thingα 370. b. Often with adjectives and participles used substantively, with pronouns, and adverbs; especially when a contrast or distinction is implied: ““οἱ ἄλλοιthe othersΦ 371, τὰ ἐσσόμενα the things that are to be A 70, τὸ πάρος formerly N 228. The attributive adj. before the noun: ““τοὺς σούςthyΨ 572, ““τὰ μέγιστα ἄεθλαthe greatest prizesΨ 640; and in apposition: Ἶρον τὸν ἀλήτην Irus, the beggar ς 333. Hom. has πατὴρ οὑμός Θ 360 (but does not use πατὴρ ἐμός).

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  • Cross-references to this page (1):
    • Raphael Kühner, Bernhard Gerth, Ausführliche Grammatik der griechischen Sprache, KG 1.4.2
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